wh2 - course notes

  • Why learn history?
  • Historical terms
  • How we learn what happened a long time ago
    • Empires in 1450

1. Changes in the Old World
  • Old World Empires in 1450
    • China, Islam, Russia, and Europe (foldable with map on one side and info on others - wealth of Asia, faith of Islam, divisions of Europe and unity through Church) map
    • Trade routes connect civilizations (map in Bernstein)
      • Silk Road
      • Indian Ocean
      • Northern Africa
      • French fairs
  • Four changes within the Old World (foldable)
    • Ottoman Empire expands into Europe, trade routes are blocked
    • Europeans found new routes to Asia.
    • The discovery of the Americas led to a vast exchange...
    • The competition between countries for new resources led to continual wars
      • Spain - Englan
      • Netherlands - Spain/Portugal
      • England - France
      • Britain rules the waves

Textbook: Lesson 2, Reformation, Scientific Revolution
Project: something that was exchanged: potato, smallpox, Christianity, slaves, colonists

2. Revolutions in the Old and New World
  • Revolutions
    • Model
      • Strong states
      • Weaken
      • New leaders and new ideas
      • Conflict
    • Examples
    • Crisis
    • Alternative ideas and leaders
    • Conflict
    • Resolution = revolution

Textbook: French Revolution
Reading: Sugar Changes the World (trade, slavery, wealth, change in daily life, Haiti)

3. Industrial revolution
  • How was the industrial revolution different from political revolutions
  • What was the Industrial Revolution
    • Location - why England and US?
    • Key inventions
    • Why industry spread? It needed
      • Machines
      • Transportation
      • Raw materials
      • Labor
      • Capital
      • Markets

Textbook: New Inventions, Effects of IR
Reading: Kids Discovery - Industrial Revolution
Project: You are a machine - interact with other machines

4. Industry Changes the World
  • New products and possibilities
  • Expansion of democracy
  • New nations shaped by industry: US, Germany, Japan
    • What is nationalism?
  • Old Empires threatened by industry: Russian, Austrian, Ottoman

Textbook: none
Reading: Leopold II

5. The Great War
  • Deep causes
  • How the war started
  • Where the war was fought
  • How the war was fought
    • New strategy (defensive)
    • Global scope
    • Industry makes war deadlier
    • War is now total
  • The experience of the Western Front
  • How the war ended

Reading: War Poets

6. Consequences of the Great War
  • Treaty of Versailles
    • Punishment of Germany
    • Breakup of Austria and Russia
    • Rise of US
  • Russian Revolution
  • The 1920s
    • The world is finally modern
    • American influence on world
    • Fun technology: movies and cars
    • Boom and bust
  • Great Depression: Not just an American thing


7. World War 2
  • Responses to the Great Depression (USSR, Germany, US)
    • Hitler and Stalin compared
  • World War 2
    • Causes
    • Stages
    • Strategies and battles
    • The killing fields of Eastern Europe
    • How the war ended

WOODIE GUTHRIE song - Battle of Jamara, about Spanish Civil War

8. The Postwar World
  • Consequences of WW2
    • UN and other international organizations
    • A new, cold war
    • End of empire in Africa and Asia
      • Cold War + Decolonization = New Conflicts
  • Trends
    • Spread of democracy
    • Spread of American culture, power, and products
    • Problems - environmental destruction, discontent with cold war politics


9. After the Cold War
  • Globalization: from two worlds to one world
  • Changes in Europe, Russia, and China
  • What's going on in 2012?